Peperomia which is also known as a radiator plant is a simple root shrub that grows up to a height of 25-40cm that is 8 to 12 inches. Peperomia is slow developing plants, not developing more than one foot (30 cm).
Peperomia plants distinguish fleshy stems with heart-shaped leaves and the seeds connected to the fruiting spikes.
Boundaries of leaves are colored in various colors like red, green, grey, etc. Flowers do not produce any fragrance and grow almost 2 inches longitudinally above the leaves.
According to research, there are nearly 1,000 plants in the Peperomia family. The different kinds of plants that belong to the Peperomia family tend to share some common characteristics among themselves; some of which are, they all are small and are easy to grow.
Peperomia plant is a tropical plant used as an indoor plant to increase the elegance and make the house captivating.
It grows in South Africa and Central America and some other parts of the world. Peperomia plants appear usually closed compact, rarely developing in an indoor setting.
Peperomia plants usually have features of sturdy stems and many fleshy leaves with moistness. Peperomia plant is loveable for its beautiful foliage and not their flowers which are not impressive at all.
Most peperomia plants can blossom easily under these growing conditions:
Table of Contents
Soil is regarded as the main factor in the growth of plants. Peperomia plants usually have a tiny root system creating them perfect for gardens. The soil used for peperomia plants is a mixture of 50% peat moss and 50% perlite. Use the mixture in a dry state. Mixing aggregated small rocks like gravels into the soil which helps the roots of peperomia to get proper air for growing according to its need. There is no requirement for changing the pots of plants as the plant develops on little wet moss.
Peperomia needs a medium to high light, avoid putting peperomia in extreme sunlight or dark light.
If the plant is developing slowly, then increase the amount of light but normally the problem is that if these plants are getting a great amount of direct light it will burn their leaves.
These are shade-loving plants, they need filtered light.
Peperomia plants develop well below fluorescent light. Insufficient light leads to the slow development of plants to stop developing altogether.
Temperature ranges are very important to consider when talking about plant health care. Each plant has its unique temperature range adaptation in which it can grow with full potential.
Peperomia plants do not like cold drafts, choose a region for peperomia plants where the constant temperature range 55°F-75°F is maintained.
Temperatures below the range between 50°-55°F(10°C-12.5°C) will destroy the leaves of the plant.
Another important factor is watering. For survival plants need water but the capacity of water depends from plant to plant.
Peperomia should water from its root, it will help the roots to grow well. The soil of the plant should get dry before the plant again. Make a goal to water peperomia deeply but infrequently.
When watering peperomia from its roots it does its finest job in growing. Water from the base of the root is a good technique, it keeps the leaves of the plant dry and helps to stop the plant disease. Allow the top of the soil mix to get dry at least 50 percent before you water the peperomia again.
Thick leaves of the peperomia plant help to hold the water because of this feature the plant can withstand for a long period without any moisture present in the surrounding. Overwatering results in decomposed roots, it is a severe condition for peperomia plants to get worse than before.
At the end of the spring season, healthy watering is preferably good thought under running water. This will help to remove the salts which were developed on plants.
Peperomia plants don’t require watering during winters, the reason being these plants love dry conditions of the soil.
A 20-20-20 fertilizer used daily to grow the peperomia vigorously.
During the spring and summer season, make the fertilizer less strong half the strength and apply it every 2 weeks. It is essential to fertilize the peperomia plant in the fall and winter seasons.
Almost identical levels of potassium, nitrogen, and iron should be present in the fertilizers to make it more effective.
Do not apply fertilizer to leaves, but fertilizers can be mixed in soil mixture throughout the roots alternatively.
Propagation can be easily done in the Peperomia plants. Late summers and spring are the best days to propagate and to give rise to new Peperomia plants.
If the plant is tall upright, cut off the piece of stem simply with one or two leaves connected. Set the cut piece in an organic mixture and watch it to germinate.
The blooms of peperomia plants are very insignificant. The appearance of leaves that make plants interesting and attractive.
Misting is the procedure of spraying water droplets on plants. Misting develops cloud-like moist conditions for plants.
Newly potted peperomia can cover and misted help the bud to break because the continuous flow of water could wash out seeds and seedlings.
Misting in homes dry out the air in xerophytic regions like deserts.
Desert air has 10%-30% mist, it is too dry for cactus and succulents.
Areas with higher humidity like bathrooms or kitchens are a little more friendly to Peperomia plant growth. The addition of a humidifier to a dry room will help.
During the summer most homes without air conditioning have a misting level in-between range 40%-60% that would be ideal for indoor plants like peperomia. Peperomia plants dry sufficiently to forbid fungus but moist enough to maintain them. During the winter, with heaters blazing it is usual for misting to drop below by 30%.
The thought behind the misting is to do it with introducing water into the air for peperomia to absorb. So let’s see a couple of choices which we have:
- To place the potted peperomia plant in a tray with pebbles filled with water and scatter the pebbles in between the plant and the water for proper misting. Evaporation of water will take place, leaves will suck the moisture. Higher temperature ranges in the surroundings will cause water to evaporate and it will help peperomia to flourish.
- Use a humidifier: a humidifier is a great option for peperomia as it can create a humid environment for plants without doing the usual work. Different types of humidifiers have unique work powers to work.
When propagation of peperomia starts, the humidity needed is different which is more in measure. Try to make a humid environment according to the situation of the surrounding peperomia plant.
WAYS TO MIST THE PEPEROMIA:
- Group plants together. More moisture is present around the pots, and the air gets trapped around their leaves. However, be careful with plant groupings. Plants need “personal space” and they don’t like to touch one another.
- Misting plants can effectively help to lift the level of humidity. Always keep in mind to mist plants in the morning itself, so that the leaves can be able to dry prior night-time. Mist leaves in such a way that both sides of leaves mist and not just the top.
- Spider mite type of infestations gets prevented by adopting misting processes. Mites love dry air; To raise the humidity of plants, pebble tray gets used. Recharge the tray so that the plant sits on top of a layer of small stones and not just at the base of the tray. As the water evaporates from the tray, the air surrounding the Peperomia plant will increase the moisture content in them. Make several groups of plants together in the single tray to increase the moisture levels in the environment.
HOW TO MIST PEPEROMIA:
- Use moderate warm water and mist the peperomia plant in the morning so that the leaves will get dry before the night-time.
- Mist on the top side and underside of the peperomia plant’s leaves properly; leaves should look as if there is a light dew that is the moisture formed as a result of condensation(from a gas state to liquid state).
- Peperomia plants misted daily like once a day.
- Keep peperomia away from windows, doors, close drafts, heating, and air conditioning ducts.
Other methods are more effective.
- For peperomia plants, simply increase watering by applying water to the base of the plant so it can reach the roots where plants are best able to absorb and utilize the water.
- Install a humidifier in your home when you want to give peperomia with an increase in humidity and make sure that they don’t dry out.
- Assembling some plants close to one another are more ways to increase humidity because when the group of plants is together they encourage the production of moisture through the procedure of transpiration. By assembling the plants the humid environment created in the surrounding is more to reach the misting level.
When to mist peperomia?
Highly recommended that misting and watering of Peperomia plants should be done in the morning so that they can be dried up in the daytime and by night they are completely wet.
Some plants need constant moisture while other plants develop well in dry environments.
To check the moisture level of the soil to a depth of one inch in the midway between the outer edge of the pot and the base of the plant. When Peperomia plants seem dry, the soil of the plant partially dry, that’s the right time to mist the plant.
DRAWBACKS OF MISTING :
Before you spray the peperomia plants, be careful that there are drawbacks to misting from above. When forced excess or constant moisture to the leaves of many peperomia plants to form misting, they become more susceptible to bacterial and fungal infections.
It is advisable for gardeners that the moisture on the foliage creates an environment where fungal spores are likely to germinate. Time for cautions for peperomia plants that frequent misting combined with poor air circulation encourages the development and multiplication of bacteria on plant leaves.
Misting the soil below the peperomia plant doesn’t lead water to settle on the leaves. When plants are getting water regularly and continuously misting from below provides no other benefits it will damage the roots of peperomia plants.
Benefits of misting:
There are many good reasons to mist a plant which help them grow some benefits are given below:-
- Misting plants can help to raise the humidity level in the environment.
- Misting is the finest way to increase moisture levels in the air.
- Regular misting will help the leaves to use the moisture and will let them in a more humid environment.
- Misting will additionally help peperomia leaves to collect the moisture.
- Misting done once every other day for most moistness.
- Misting helps in germination i.e. the procedure through which a plant grows from a seed.
To summarise the question should I mist the peperomia? Yes, because a peperomia loves moisture in the air but some other rules can take place like placing pebbles, glasses, and bowls around the peperomia. Peperomia plants are attractive because of the appearance of their foliage that is normally green but lined with red or has continuous white veins running through them. These peperomia plants need low amounts of water for growth and sometimes they need fertilizers for healthy growth and protection.
Hi there! My name is Constance and I am a professional botanist. My enthusiasm for organic farming has led me to start this blog about gardening for beginners!
I write articles and tips on improving your home and garden with less work. I also share my own advice from the perspective of someone who loves all things green – like how to grow vegetables in containers or how to make compost out of kitchen scraps.